I typed ‘What does interactivity mean?’ into Google and was reminded of my first dictionary when I was little, in which the definition of ‘cabbage’ was ‘collard’, and the definition of ‘collard’ was ‘cabbage’.
Interactivity: the quality of interactive.
Interactive: happens through interaction.
A bit like a dead-end street, isn’t it?
If you want to clear up any doubts you may have about the meaning of this word, this is the right place. At Genially, we use it a lot. That’s why we know exactly what interactivity is, and how it works. Did you know that it’s one of the star qualities of our tool? Let’s take a look at what it is and what it’s for, in the simplest terms.
What is interactivity?
Interactivity refers to the communication between people and digital devices or content. It is the ability of a computer, program, or other content to respond to the actions of the person that’s using it. In a nutshell, it is what allows you to navigate a website, use social media, or play your favorite video game.
Thanks to interactivity, bidirectional communication between people and machines is possible. It’s very different from watching TV, listening to the radio, or reading the newspaper, where your only option is to consume or not consume the content you receive.
When you click on an interactive element, something happens: maybe another website appears, a new window opens, or a download is initiated. When you interact with these elements, what happens depends on your actions.
Images, icons, graphics, links, videos, and audios are some examples of interactive media, and combine with animated elements to capture your attention. They are programmed to respond to your actions, surprising you and making things more fun. It’s much more stimulating and fun to interact than to read paragraphs and paragraphs of text or sit down and simply listen. When you interact with content, you step out of the role of spectator and adopt the role of participant.
What’s more, you’re in charge. You’re the one who controls what content to consume and how you consume it, as well as when you want more information. That’s why people like it!
Want to see it in action? Look how easy it is to climb these steps.
10 steps to a healthy life
What levels of interactivity are there?
There are varying theories about the levels of interactivity, which define 3, 4, and even 5 different levels. To make it easy (we don’t want to lose you to Instagram now we’ve come this far!), we’ll deal with 3 levels or grades of interactivity, low, medium, and high.
Low or passive level
Is what a website or program operates on. The content is linear, but you can navigate between pages, select options, and carry out other simple actions.
Medium or limited level
This level includes the qualities of the passive level and adds a few more, such as the possibility to interact with other elements, such as interactive graphics, videos, audios, draggable elements, among others. The theories which define 4 levels of interactivity also speak about a moderate level which is very similar to this one but with the added ability to personalize content.
It requires more sophisticated design and provides an immersive experience. On top of the interactive elements of the previous levels we have more multimedia content, simulations based on virtual reality, and gamification, for example. This is the most engaging type of interactivity.
Interactivity and e-learning
Nowadays, interactivity is an essential ingredient in any strategy that aims to help students to learn, due to the ease with which it captures their attention and the interaction generated between the student and the medium, the teaching materials, and even the teacher.
Experts say that there are four types of interaction in e-Learning:
Student – interface
The relationship of the learner with the interface (Genially in this case) is fundamental in e-learning. It is essential for any other type of interaction to take place, in addition to helping you improve the results of your classes.
Student – materials
This is the most notable interaction, because it is based on the acquisition of the content and competencies being taught. Hence the importance of that animation and interactivity that we’re always going on about.
Including multimedia content is also essential to make sure that the sources of information and the content formats adapt and appeal to the students’ different ways of learning (audio, text, video …). Organization and structure are therefore fundamental to facilitate interactive and meaningful learning.
Student – teacher
Interactivity, animation, and multimedia content are important, yes. Very much so. But let’s not lose sight of the fact that student-teacher interaction is too.
It is vital in e-learning processes, as the teacher will be the person guiding the student throughout the course, as well as resolving any questions and problems that may arise during the learning process.
Student – student
Last but by no means least. This is the interaction that occurs between students participating in a class at any level or in any type of training. This is another key interaction in the e-learning process; students can perform collaborative tasks with their classmates in the common spaces of the tool.
Interaction design or interactive design?
We are taking a risk by opening up this can of worms, but interaction design (IxD to its friends and followers) and interactive design are NOT the same thing.
Interaction design involves studying, planning, and applying points of interactivity in digital and physical universes, to improve the relationship between the user and the product.
However, interactive design is a strand whose main objective is to allow users to interact with digital publications, through text, sounds, or animations. Basically what you do with Genially when using a template or creating content from scratch.
If you want to know more about these disciplines, check out this post about interaction design.
Enough theory… it’s time to practice!
Humans are curious by nature and that’s why interactivity and animation are two of the main pillars of Genially, and enable us to communicate in a very visual way.
This very basic human characteristic makes interactivity super useful for promoting communication and learning. That’s why it has so many applications, from education to videogames, as well as marketing and other commercial activities. It’s also the basis on which social media operate, which play a big role in our lives nowadays.
A moving element on a screen, such as the button you’ve just seen, catches your attention. It’s enough just to know that it’s clickable and you suddenly have the urge to click and see what happens. If you know that there’s something behind the button, your natural curiosity prompts you to interact to find out what it is that’s not in view.
In the tool you can add animations to any element by clicking on it. It’s explained very well in this video, check it out:
When you need to communicate information, the results will be very different if you use interactivity. Think about how it works for you: it’s not the same if someone tells you something as if you investigate it for yourself.
Now think about the practical applications of this. For example, if you hand out a sheet of mathematical formulas to a group of young students, it’s highly likely that they won’t pay it any attention. If you tell them they are on a mission to find the secret formulas and you hide them behind interactive buttons, getting that information turns into something fun and engaging, doesn’t it? Interactivity wins the day!
Feel like playing around with interactivity? Here’s a tutorial so you can see how easy (and fast!) it is to add it with the tool:
That way you can put the theory into practice. People who know about these things say that practicing is the best way to learn so… No time like the present! In this example you’ll see the 3 levels of interactivity:
Now that you know what interactivity is, do you have any ideas as to how to use it to achieve your own objectives? With Genially, making your own interactive content is really easy: no need for programming skills. Professionals from all sectors and of all profiles use tools like Genially to engage their audience and improve their communication. Do you want to try it too? Do it by following these simple steps to learn how to use Genially.